Area of the country: 945 087 sq. km;, almost three times the size of Germany( 357 042 sq. km;), the second biggest country in East Africa after Sudan.
Citizens: 2010: 45 Millions (1990: 24 Millions)
Main City: Dodoma (300 000 Residents)
26 Regions, 5 of which are in Zanzibar
120 Ethnic groups
Towns: Dar-es-Salaam (1,5 Millions), Tanga (121.000), Mwanza (111 000),
Arusha, Mbeya, Bukoba, Morogoro, Kigoma, Lindi, Songea, Moshi, Tabora
About 80-90% of the population is made up of peasants and pastoralists (livestock keepers), migration to the town centres continues unavoidably, about 22 % of the population lives in towns.
Languages: Kiswahili, English (Medium of Instructions), about 120 different languages of different ethnic gropups are of Bantu origin (Bantu languages)
Currency: 1 Tanzania Shilling=100 Cent
Echange rate (April 2005): for 1 ,- Euro = 1497 /-- TSh.
Time: Middle Europe + 2 hours (Winter time)
States form: Presidential union Republic, since 1964
Chief of the government: Mizengo Pinda (since 2008)
President of the state: Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete (since 2005)
Parliament: National Assembly with 269 Members, of which 232 were elected for five years; 244 members for the revolutionary party; political parties, 15 for Civic United Front, 10 for others (Election of 2000)
Religion: Christians (45%, whereby 25 % are Catholics ,20% Protestants), Muslims, especially along the coast of the Indian Ocean and in Zanzibar (35%), traditional religions (20%), Adherents of Hinduismus, especially in towns where Indians live are the minority.
Ethnic groups: Nyamwezi, Sukuma, Swahili, Haya, Hehe, Bena, Makonde, Chagga, Nyakyusa, Waha, etc.
Economy and Social Aspects
Export: Coffee (up to 40% of Export), Cotton, Sisal, Tee, Clove, groundnuts, , Tobacco, among others for export Industrial oil products, oil
Gross national Product/ per capita : 290 - 520 $ (2002)
Inhabitants / sq. km; : 37
Population growth / each year : 2,3 %
Literacy: 78,2 %
Inhabitant per doctor: 23000 Inhabitants: 1 doctor
Community Health Fund (CHF): In it families payTshs 5,000.00 each year, from which four family members get free medical treatment.
National Insurance Fund (NIF) for those who work in public service. Member pays a certain amount of money, from which the employee and his/her family members get medical treatment free of charge from government hospitals.