The soil is relatively fertile, esepecially in the North-Western part of the region, although soil erosion and fire clearance for agricultural activities limit and reduce the fertility of the soil. The need for artificial fertilizers and pesticides is very high. Subsistence economy is pursued by almost every family for family needs. The burden of agricultural activities, upbringing of children and care for the family is carried out by women. The main agricultural products are maize, cassava, bananas, sweet potatoes, beans, peas, spinach, in Kasulu und the sorrounding areas groundnuts are also grown. Palms for oil are planted in the warm areas near of Kigoma for cooking oil known as mawesse. The main food crop is maize or cassava - roots which make solid poridge: Ugali, that is eaten with beans and spinach and peas. During special occassions meat or fish is eaten (chicken, pig and cow’s meet, fish from Lake Tanganyika). The same applies to special occassions when rice is prepared. 

The average size of the family: Couple with 6-7 children (in the rural areas). Children are often taken care of by grandparents and other relatives in the family. Many men are married to two women. The size of the family is partly extended by polygamy. 

In the Kigoma region (just like in the whole of Tanzania) there are the following Religions:
About 30-40 % Christians, about. 30% Moslems, 30% adherents of traditional Religions, 1% Hindus

Church and religion community in the Kigoma region:
Roman Catholic, Angllican, Pentecostal churches, Moravian Church, Evangl.- Lutheran Church, Seventh Day Adventist, Full Gospel Church, Assemblies of God, Friends of Africa, Baptists, Joy in the Harvest Mission Church, and PEFA Church.